At the sea and in the swimming pool, never lose sight of the children even if there is a lifeguard. Respect their learning times in the water and watch where they dive. These are some of the tips – present in this study – for parents on the safety of their little ones in the water.
According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 1,400 children between the ages of 5 and 14 die each year from drowning . Furthermore, drowning in childhood is one of the leading causes of accidental mortality.
Here are the ten key points to always keep in mind.
Know how to swim.
The main danger on beaches and swimming pools is drowning, so the best prevention is knowing how to swim. For this reason, children must learn to do it from the age of three, but with the guidance of specialized teachers, preferably in the sea, because they must learn not to be afraid of splashes, deep water, and know how to swim underwater with eyes open. Children who cannot swim yet must always enter the water with their armrests on. Read here more about lifeguard courses near me under the instructions of American lifeguard Association.
Never children alone in the water.
All children under the age of 12 , including those who already know how to swim, must always be accompanied in the water by an adult who knows how to swim well, possibly always staying close to them.
Make sure that rescue services are present.
The presence of the rescue service is fundamental, which must never be interrupted, equipped with turrets, guaranteed by professional lifeguards, with uniforms to facilitate identification.
Always be aware of dangers.
It is advisable to swim following the bathing ordinances of the mayorsand avoid areas where water sports, fishing, competitions are practiced. It is also necessary to respect the paths, indicated by ropes and buoys, which delimit the entry ways into the water for boats or surfboards. Finally, it is better to look at the rescue flags: if the yellow or red is hoisted, do not swim. Always wear flip flops when using showers, toilets or walking on paved areas.
Enter the water slowly , to adapt the body to the temperature of the sea, especially after eating or when the water is cold. Avoid diving into the sea or swimming pool without knowing the depth of the water, to avoid trauma and injury.
Protect the skin from the sun
With protective creams and lotions (preferably to sprays) containing chemical and physical filters, to be applied every two hours, to avoid skin irritation. The hat is an extra protection and in case of solar erythema (burn) also wear a white cotton shirt.
Beware of exposure between 12 and 17
Especially if the child is under four years old. Those who stay on the beach during this time slot must make the child drink frequently, preferably every 20 minutes, and keep him in the shade.
Never park in the sun by car.
When traveling by car with a child, never stop in the sun, not even for short stops, but always look for a shady parking space.
Choose clean seas with clear waters.
Clear water is a form of accident prevention because it allows you to identify submerged obstacles in swimming pool. Cleanliness on the beach is also demonstrated by the presence of baskets .And garbage cans that must never be full, but emptied quickly and by the absence in the sand of broken shells, glass, can residues, abandoned rubbish, tar, algae not collected in the shoreline or in the sand. There must be no environmental degradation.
Involve children in training courses.
During the month of April and May, it is useful for elementary and middle school students (primary and secondary) to participate in free health education courses on the potential risks of the sea and on correct behavior in the marine environment.
Also read about: Lifeguard instrument Training